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数控机器加工经常操纵的三种弥补体例

2020-12-01

数控机器加工中有三种弥补:这三种弥补根基上能处理在加工中因刀具形状而产生的轨迹题目。下面是三种弥补在通俗加工编程中的操纵。

YI、DAOJUZHANGDUMIBU:

1.DAOJUZHANGDUDEGUANDIANDAOJUZHANGDUSHIYIGEHENSHOUYAODEGUANDIAN。ZANMENZAIDUIYIGEZHENGJIBIANCHENGDESHICHEN,QISHOUYAOZHIDINGZHENGJIDEBIANCHENGZHONGJIAN,ERHOUNENGLICHENGLIGONGJIANBIANCHENGZUOBIAOXI,ERCIZUOBIAOXIZHISHIYIGEGONGJIANZUOBIAOXI,LINGDIANTONGSUZAIGONGJIANSHANG。ZHANGDUMIBUZHISHIHEZZUOBIAOYOUGUAN,TABUXIANGX、YLITINEIDEBIANCHENGLINGDIAN,YOUYUDAOJUSHIYOUZHUZHOUZHUIKONGDINGWEIERBUZHUANBIAN,DUIZZUOBIAODELINGDIANJIUBUYIYANGLE。MEIBADAODEZHANGDUDOUSHICHABIEDE,BIFANG,ZANMENYAOZUANYIGESHENWEI50mmDEKONG,ERHOUGONGSISHENWEI45mm,BIELIYONGYIBAZHANGWEI250mmDEZUANTOUHEYIBAZHANGWEI350mmDESIZHUI。XIANYONGZUANTOUZUANKONGSHEN50mm,CIJIHUICHUANGYISHEDINGGONGJIANLINGDIAN,DANGHUANSHANGSIZHUIGONGSISHI,RUOSHILIANGBADAODOUCONGSHEDINGLINGDIANQITOUJIAGONG,SIZHUIYOUYUBIZUANTOUZHANGERGONGSITAIZHANG,POHUAIDAOJUHEGONGJIAN。CISHIRUOSHISHEDINGDAOJUMIBU,BASIZHUIHEZUANTOUDEZHANGDUTINGZHIMIBU,CIJIHUICHUANGLINGDIANSHEDINGYIHOU,JIBIANSIZHUIHEZUANTOUZHANGDUCHABIE,YINMIBUDECUNZAI,ZAINUOYONGSIZHUIRENWUSHI,LINGDIANZZUOBIAOYIZHUDONGXIANGZ+(HUOZ)MIBULESIZHUIDEZHANGDU,BAOZHANGLEJIAGONGLINGDIANDEZHUNQUE。

2.DAOJUZHANGDUMIBUDERENWUCAOZONGDAOJUZHANGDUMIBUSHIJINGYOUGUOCHENGLVXINGHANYOUG43(G44)HEHZHILINGLAISHIXIANDE,TONGSHIZANMENJICHUYIGEZZUOBIAOZHI,RUXUDAOJUZAIMIBUYIHOUNUODONGDAOLIGONGJIANWAIBIAOJIANGEWEIZDECHUSUO。BIEDEYIGEZHILINGG49SHIDAXIAOG43(G44)ZHILINGDE,SHIZAIZANMENBUBICAOZONGZHEIGEZHILING,YOUYUMEIBADAOJUDOUYOUBENSHENDEZHANGDUMIBU,DANGHUANDAOSHI,CAOZONGG43(G44)HZHILINGFUYULEBENSHENDEDAOZHANGMIBUERZHUDONGDAXIAOLEQIANYIBADAOJUDEZHANGDUMIBU。

3.DAOJUZHANGDUMIBUDELIANGZHONGTILI

1)YONGDAOJUDEXIANSHIZHANGDUZUOWEIDAOZHANGDEMIBU(BAOJUCAOZONGZHEILEITILI)。CAOZONGDAOZHANGZUOWEIMIBUBIANSHICAOZONGDUIDAOYIZHANGLIANGDAOJUDEZHANGDU,ERHOUBAZHEIGESHUZHISHUCHUDAODAOJUZHANGDUMIBUJIFANGQIZHONG,ZUOWEIDAOZHANGMIBU。CAOZONGDAOJUZHANGDUZUOWEIDAOZHANGMIBUDELAIYOUYIXIA:

起首,操纵刀具长度作为刀长弥补,能够防止在差别的工件加工中不时地点窜刀长偏置。如许一把刀具用在差别的工件上也不必点窜刀长偏置。在这类环境下,能够根据必然的刀具编号法则,给每把刀具作档案,用一个小标牌写上每把刀具的相干参数,包含刀具的长度、半径等材料,现实上良多大型的机器加工型企业对数控加工装备的刀具办理都接纳这类方式。这对那些特地设有刀具办理局部的公司来讲,就用不着和操纵工面临面地告知刀具的参数了,同时即便因刀库容量缘由把刀具取上去等下次从头装上时,只要根据标牌上的刀长数值作为刀具长度弥补而不需再停止丈量。

数控机器加工经常操纵的三种弥补体例

QICI,CAOZONGDAOJUZHANGDUZUOWEIDAOZHANGMIBU,NENGGOURANGJICHUANGYIBIANTINGZHIJIAGONGYUNZHUAN,YIBIANZAIDUIDAOYISHANGTINGZHIQIYUDAOJUDEZHANGDUZHANGLIANG,ERBUBIYOUYUZAIJICHUANGSHANGDUIDAOERZHANYONGJICHUANGYUNZHUANSHIHOU,RUXUNENGGOUCHONGSHICHANYANGJIAGONGZHONGJIANDEXIAOLI。RUXUZHUZHOUNUODONGDAOBIANCHENGZZUOBIAODIANSHI,BIANSHIZHUZHOUZUOBIAOJIASHANG(HUOJIANQU)DAOJUZHANGDUMIBUHOUDEZZUOBIAOSHUZHI。

2)CAOZONGDAOJIANZAIZBIAODEMUDESHANGYUBIANCHENGLINGDIANDEJIANGEZHI(YOUZHENGFUZHIFEN)ZUOWEIMIBUZHI。ZHEILEITILIHEYONGYUJICHUANGZHIYAOYIXIAOWOCAOZONGERBUCHONGZUDESHIHOULAICAOZONGDUIDAOYIZHANGLIANGDAOJUDEZHANGDUSHICAOZONG。RUXUZUODANGYONGYIBADAOJIAGONGBIEDEDEGONGJIANSHIJIUYAOCONGTOUTINGZHIDAOZHANGMIBUDESHEZHI。CAOZONGZHEILEITILITINGZHIDAOZHANGMIBUSHI,MIBUZHIBIANSHIZHUZHOUCONGJICHUANGZZUOBIAOLINGDIANNUODONGDAOGONGJIANBIANCHENGLINGDIANSHIDEDAOJIANNUODONGJIANGE,SHIYICIMIBUZHILAOSHIFUZHIBINGQIEHENDA。

ER、DAOJUBANJINGMIBU:

1.DAOJUBANJINGMIBUDEGUANDIANZHENGXIANGCAOZONGLEDAOJUZHANGDUMIBUZAIBIANCHENGSHIGENJISHANGBUBIZHENZHUODAOJUDEZHANGDUYIYANG,YOUYUYOULEDAOJUBANJINGMIBU,ZANMENZAIBIANCHENGSHINENGGOUBUYAOZHENZHUOTAIDUODAOJUDEZHIJINGJUXILE。DAOZHANGMIBUDUIYIQIEDEDAOJUDOUHEYONG,ERDAOJUBANJINGMIBUZETONGSUZHIYONGYUXIANDAOLEIDAOJU。DANGXIANDAOJIAGONGGONGJIANDEWAIHUONEIBIAOMIANSHI,JIUYONGDESHANGDAOJUBANJINGMIBU,DANGYONGDUANMIANXIANDAOJIAGONGGONGJIANDEDUANMIANSHIZEZHIYAODAOJUZHANGDUMIBU。YOUYUDAOJUBANJINGMIBUSHIYIGEBININANYIDONGDEHECAOZONGDEYIGEZHILING,YISHIZAIBIANCHENGZHONGLIANGDUORENBUYUANCAOZONGTA。KESHIZANMENYIDANDONGDEHEBAWOLETA,CAOZONGQILAIDUIZANMENDEBIANCHENGHEJIAGONGJIANGDAILAIHENDADEBIANLI。

DANGBIANCHENGZHECHOUBANBIANYIGEYONGXIANDAOJIAGONGYIGEGONGJIANDEXINGZHUANGDEFASHISHI,QISHOUYAOGENJUGONGJIANDEXINGZHUANGCHICUNHEDAOJUDEBANJINGTINGZHIXIANGJINDEJIJIAOZUOBIAOZHILAIMINGBAIDAOJUZHONGJIANSUOZOUDEXIANLU。CISHISUOYONGDEDAOJUBANJINGZHISHIZHEIBAXIANDAODEBANJINGZHI,DANGXINXINQINKUBIANWANFASHIHOUFAMINGZHEIBAXIANDAOBUTAIHESHIYAOHUANYONGQIYUZHIJINGDEDAOJU,BIANCHENGYUANJIUYAOBUCIXINQINDICONGTOUJIJIAODAOJUZHONGJIANSUOZOUDEXIANLUDEZUOBIAOZHI。ZHEIDUIYIGEJIANLVEDEGONGJIANTIMUBUTAIDA,DUIXINGZHUANGPANGZADEMOJULAIJIANGCONGTOUJIJIAODEQUESHITAIJIANKULE。

YIGEGONGJIANDEXINGZHUANGJIAGONGFENCUJIAGONGHEJINGJIAGONG,RUXUCUJIAGONGFASHIBIANHAOHOUYEBIANSHISHIXIANLECUJIAGONG。YOUYUDIANMOCUJIAGONG,GONGJIANXINGZHUANGCHICUNCHANSHENGLEBIANGENG,JIESHANGQUYOUYAOJIJIAOJINGJIAGONGDEDAOJUZHONGJIANZUOBIAOZHI,RENWULIANGJIUGENGDALE。CISHI,RUOSHIYONGLEDAOJUBANJINGMIBU,ZHEIXIEFEISHIDOUSHUIDAOQUCHENGLE。ZANMENNENGGOUSHUHUDAOJUBANJING,ERGENJUGONGJIANCHICUNTINGZHIBIANCHENG,ERHOUBADAOJUBANJINGZUOWEIBANJINGMIBUFANGZAIBANJINGMIBUJIFANGQILI。GUQIEGAIHUANXIANDAOYEHAO、TINGZHICUJINGJIAGONGYEHAO,ZANMENZHIYAOBIANDONGDAOJUBANJINGMIBUZHI,JIUNENGGOUJIEZHIGONGJIANXINGZHUANGCHICUNDEJUXILE,DUIFASHIGENJIBUBIZUOYIDIANDIANCUAN。

2.DAOJUBANJINGMIBUDECAOZONGDAOJUBANJINGMIBUDECAOZONGSHIJINGYOUGUOCHENGZHILINGG41、G42LAILVXINGDE。MIBUYOULIANGGEBIAODEMUDE,JIYANDAOJUQIEXUEJINJIBIAODEMUDECHUIZHIBIAODEMUDEDEZUOMIANHEZUOMIANTINGZHIMIBU,HESHIBAIBUSHOUDINGZHANG;G41SHIZUOMIBU,HESHIZUOSHOUDINGZHANG;G42SHIYOUMIBU,HESHIYOUSHOUDINGZHANG,RUTU3SUOSHI。TU3DAOJUBANJINGMIBUCAOZONGDEBAIBUSHOUDINGZHANGZAICAOZONGG41、G42TINGZHIBANJINGMIBUSHI,YINGCHUGEZHUZHONGSHIMIBUYOUYONGDEDAOJUNUODONGBIAODEMUDEYUZUOBIAO。XIANGXUEUGBIANCHENGJIADIANGUANJIAODAODEJIAOYUANSHOUFEIZHIFUJINXIUCAILIAOHEKECHENG。DAOJUBANJINGMIBUDEQIDAODIWEIHENSHOUYAO,RUOSHICAOZONGBUTUODAOJUSUOJIAGONGDETUJINGQINGYIFANCUO

SAN、JIAJUPIANZHIMIBU:

ZHENGXIANGDAOJUZHANGDUMIBUHEBANJINGMIBUYIYANGRANGBIANCHENGZHENENGGOUBUBIZHENZHUODAOJUDESHIFEIHEJUXI,JIAJUPIANZHINENGGOURANGBIANCHENGZHEBUZHENZHUOGONGJIANJIAJUDEDIWEIERCAOZONGJIAJUPIANZHI。

DANGYITAIJIAGONGZHONGJIANZAIJIAGONGXIAODEGONGJIANSHI,GONGZHUANGSHANGYICINENGGOUZHUANGJIAJIGEGONGJIAN,BIANCHENGZHEBUBIZHENZHUOMEIGEGONGJIANZAIBIANCHENGSHIDEZUOBIAOLINGDIAN,ERZHIYAOGENJUGEZIDEBIANCHENGLINGDIANTINGZHIBIANCHENG,ERHOUCAOZONGJIAJUPIANZHILAINUODONGJICHUANGZAIMEIGEGONGJIANSHANGDEBIANCHENGLINGDIAN。JIAJUPIANZHISHICAOZONGJIAJUPIANZHIZHILINGG54~G59LAILVXINGDE。LINGYOUYIZHONGTILIBIANSHICAOZONGG92ZHILINGSHEDINGZUOBIAOXI。DANGYIGEGONGJIANJIAGONGSHIXIANYIHOU,JIAGONGXIAYIGEGONGJIANSHICAOZONGG92LAICONGTOUSHEDINGXINDEGONGJIANZUOBIAOXI。XIAMIANSHIZAISHUKONGJIQIJIAGONGZHONGJINGCHANGCAOZONGDESANZHONGMIBU,TAJIZANMENDEBIANCHENGHEJIAGONGDAILAIHENDADEBIANLI,NENGDADADIJINBURENWUXIAOLI。


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